Virtually all countries in the world rely on a hybrid system of public and private financing for health care. This seminar will focus on the similarities and differences in health insurance and related health care regulation among a selected group of countries, e.g., England, Germany, Brazil, Canada, the U.S., China, and India, focusing on the different paths each country has taken to accommodate fundamental social goals and characteristics: basic access to care, distribution and rationing, wealth disparity and individual choice, care quality, innovation and cost. There is no single, required text for this seminar; instead, background articles will be assigned. There are no pre-requisites, although a basic understanding of insurance regulation would be helpful. Students will write a substantial research paper in lieu of a final examination.